Cognizant Reports Second Quarter 2020 Results

TEANECK, N.J., July 29, 2020 /PRNewswire/ — Cognizant Technology Solutions Corporation (Nasdaq: CTSH), one of the world’s leading professional services…

TEANECK, N.J., July 29, 2020 /PRNewswire/ — Cognizant Technology Solutions Corporation (Nasdaq: CTSH), one of the world’s leading professional services companies, today announced its second quarter 2020 financial results.

Highlights – Second Quarter 2020 as Compared to the Year-ago Period

  • Revenue of $4.0 billion, down 3.4% (2.5% in constant currency1) including a negative 210 basis points impact from the exit of certain content services business and the ransomware attack
  • GAAP operating margin was 11.7% vs. 14.9%
  • Adjusted Operating Margin1 was 14.1% vs.16.1%
  • Net income was $361 million vs. $509 million
  • GAAP diluted EPS was $0.67 vs. $0.90
  • Adjusted Diluted EPS1 was $0.82 vs. $0.94
  • First half 2020 bookings1 increased 14%

“I’m proud of our associates who maintained their focus on clients in the quarter despite being faced with unprecedented challenges,” said Brian Humphries, Chief Executive Officer. “We delivered a solid second quarter performance whilst continuing to improve our competitiveness. Against an uncertain economic backdrop, we remain steadfast in investing in our clients and our associates, and in executing our digital strategy to position Cognizant for accelerated momentum.”

Second Quarter 2020 Performance by Business Segment

Revenue across our business segments was negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and the ransomware attack, primarily in the month of April. Revenue and bookings improved sequentially through May and June, with increased client demand in areas such as cloud and enterprise application services, IT modernization and digital engineering.

Financial Services (34.9% of revenues) revenue decreased 5.2% year-over-year, or 4.3% in constant currency, driven by declines in both banking and insurance. North America saw mixed trends with relatively better performance in banking, driven by regional banks. We continue to see weakness across global banking accounts and capital markets.

1 Constant currency revenue growth, Adjusted Operating Margin and Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share (“Adjusted Diluted EPS”) are not measurements of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. Bookings is a performance metric utilized by management. See “About Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Performance Metrics” for more information and, where applicable, reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures at the end of this release.

Healthcare (28.9% of revenues) revenue grew 2.0% year-over-year, or 2.2% in constant currency. Segment revenue growth was driven by increases from life sciences clients, specifically by revenues from our acquisition of Zenith. Revenue in healthcare declined low single digits.

Products and Resources (21.7% of revenues) revenue decreased 6.5% year-over-year, or 5.0% in constant currency. The decline was driven by retail, consumer goods, travel and hospitality clients that were particularly adversely affected by the pandemic, partially offset by double-digit constant currency growth in manufacturing, logistics, energy and utilities.   

Communications, Media and Technology (14.5% of revenues) revenue decreased 4.4% year-over-year, or 3.2% in constant currency, driven by a negative 790 basis point impact from our 2019 strategic decision to exit certain content-related services. Excluding that impact, Communications, Media and Technology  grew approximately 5% in constant currency. Communication and media was flat, with the growth of certain communications clients offset by weakness with entertainment clients exposed to studios, cable TV and theme parks.

“We made progress against our cost structure initiative allowing us to fund investments aligned to our long-term growth strategy and delivered solid operating performance in a challenging environment,” said Karen McLoughlin, Chief Financial Officer. “Strong free cash flow further strengthened our balance sheet and provides us with ample financial flexibility.”

Full Year 2020 Outlook

The Company is providing the following guidance:

  • Full year 2020 revenue expected to be in the range of $16.4-16.7 billion, or a decline on a constant currency basis of 2.0-0.5%. This assumes an estimate of a negative 20 basis points foreign exchange impact and a negative 110 basis points impact from the exit of certain content services business
  • Full year 2020 Adjusted Operating Margin2 expected to be approximately 15%
  • Full year 2020 Adjusted Diluted EPS2 expected to be in the range of $3.48-3.58

Declaration of Quarterly Cash Dividend

The Company has declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.22 per share on Cognizant Class A common stock for shareholders of record at the close of business on August 21, 2020. This dividend will be payable on August 31, 2020.

Conference Call

Cognizant will host a conference call on July 29, 2020, at 5:00 p.m. (Eastern) to discuss the Company’s second quarter 2020 results. To listen to the conference call, please dial (877) 810-9510 (domestically) or (201) 493-6778 (internationally) and provide the following conference passcode: “Cognizant Call.”

The conference call will also be available live on the Investor Relations section of the Cognizant website at http://investors.cognizant.com. Please go to the website at least 15 minutes prior to the call to register and to download and install any necessary audio software. An earnings supplement will also be available on the Cognizant website at the time of the conference call.

2 A full reconciliation of Adjusted Operating Margin and Adjusted Diluted EPS guidance to the corresponding GAAP measures on a forward-looking basis cannot be provided without unreasonable efforts, as we are unable to provide reconciling information with respect to unusual items, net non-operating foreign currency exchange gains or losses, and the tax effects of these adjustments.

For those who cannot access the live broadcast, a replay will be available. To listen to the replay, please dial (877) 660-6853 (domestically) or (201) 612-7415 (internationally) and enter 13706875 from two hours after the end of the call until 11:59 p.m. (Eastern) on Wednesday, August 12, 2020. The replay will also be available at Cognizant’s website www.cognizant.com for 60 days following the call.

About Cognizant

Cognizant (Nasdaq-100: CTSH) is one of the world’s leading professional services companies, transforming clients’ business, operating and technology models for the digital era. Our unique industry-based, consultative approach helps clients envision, build and run more innovative and efficient businesses. Headquartered in the U.S., Cognizant is ranked 193 on the Fortune 500 and is consistently listed among the most admired companies in the world. Learn how Cognizant helps clients lead with digital at www.cognizant.com or follow us @Cognizant.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release includes statements that may constitute forward-looking statements made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, the accuracy of which are necessarily subject to risks, uncertainties, and assumptions as to future events that may not prove to be accurate. These statements include, but are not limited to, express or implied forward-looking statements relating to our expectations regarding the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business,  the impact of the ransomware attack on our clients, business, reputation and financial results, opportunities in the marketplace, our cost structure, investment in and growth of our business, our realignment plans, the timing, cost and impact of the 2020 Fit for Growth Plan, our and our clients’ shift to digital solutions and services and our anticipated financial performance. These statements are neither promises nor guarantees, but are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated in these forward-looking statements. Existing and prospective investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied include general economic conditions, legal, reputational and financial risks resulting from cyberattacks, including the ransomware attack, the impact of and effectiveness of business continuity plans during the COVID-19 pandemic, changes in the regulatory environment, including with respect to immigration and taxes, and the other factors discussed in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as updated by our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Cognizant undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities law.

About Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Performance Metrics

To supplement our financial results presented in accordance with GAAP, this press release includes references to the following measures defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission as non-GAAP financial measures: Adjusted Income From Operations, Adjusted Operating Margin, Adjusted Diluted EPS, free cash flow, net cash and constant currency revenue growth. These non-GAAP financial measures are not based on any comprehensive set of accounting rules or principles and should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP, and may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. In addition, these non-GAAP financial measures should be read in conjunction with our financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. The reconciliations of our non-GAAP financial measures to the corresponding GAAP measures should be carefully evaluated.

Our non-GAAP financial measures, Adjusted Operating Margin, Adjusted Income From Operations and Adjusted Diluted EPS exclude unusual items. Additionally, Adjusted Diluted EPS excludes net non-operating foreign currency exchange gains or losses and the tax impact of all the applicable adjustments. The income tax impact of each item is calculated by applying the statutory rate and local tax regulations in the jurisdiction in which the item was incurred. Free cash flow is defined as cash flows from operating activities net of purchases of property and equipment. Net cash is defined as cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments less short-term and long-term debt. Constant currency revenue growth is defined as revenues for a given period restated at the comparative period’s foreign currency exchange rates measured against the comparative period’s reported revenues.

Management believes providing investors with an operating view consistent with how we manage the Company provides enhanced transparency into our operating results. For our internal management reporting and budgeting purposes, we use various GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures for financial and operational decision-making, to evaluate period-to-period comparisons, to determine portions of the compensation for our executive officers and for making comparisons of our operating results to those of our competitors. Therefore, it is our belief that the use of non-GAAP financial measures excluding certain costs provides a meaningful supplemental measure for investors to evaluate our financial performance. Accordingly, we believe that the presentation of our non-GAAP measures, when read in conjunction with our reported GAAP results, can provide useful supplemental information to our management and investors regarding financial and business trends relating to our financial condition and results of operations.

A limitation of using non-GAAP financial measures versus financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP is that non-GAAP financial measures do not reflect all of the amounts associated with our operating results as determined in accordance with GAAP and may exclude costs that are recurring such as our net non-operating foreign currency exchange gains or losses. In addition, other companies may calculate non-GAAP financial measures differently than us, thereby limiting the usefulness of these non-GAAP financial measures as a comparative tool. We compensate for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from our non-GAAP financial measures to allow investors to evaluate such non-GAAP financial measures.

Bookings are defined as total contract value (or TCV) of new contracts, including new contract sales as well as renewals and expansions of existing contracts. Bookings can vary significantly quarter to quarter depending in part on the timing of the signing of a small number of large contracts. Measuring bookings involves the use of estimates and judgments and there are no third-party standards or requirements governing the calculation of bookings. The extent and timing of conversion of bookings to revenues may be impacted by, among other factors, the types of services and solutions sold, contract duration, the pace of client spending, actual volumes of services delivered as compared to the volumes anticipated at the time of sale, and contract modifications, including terminations, over the lifetime of a contract. The majority of our contracts are terminable by the client on short notice often without penalty, and some without notice. We do not update our bookings for material subsequent terminations or reductions related to bookings originally recorded in prior year periods or foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Information regarding our bookings is not comparable to, nor should it be substituted for, an analysis of our reported revenues. However, management believes that it is a key indicator of potential future revenues and provides a useful indicator of the volume of our business over time.

 

COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

(in millions, except per share data)



Three Months Ended

June 30,


Six Months Ended

June 30,


2020


2019


2020


2019

Revenues

$

4,000



$

4,141



$

8,225



$

8,251


Operating expenses:








Cost of revenues (exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense

shown separately below)

2,615



2,629



5,362



5,204


Selling, general and administrative expenses

711



719



1,422



1,590


Restructuring charges

71



49



126



51


Depreciation and amortization expense

136



125



269



248


Income from operations

467



619



1,046



1,158


Other income (expense), net:








Interest income

37



45



78



93


Interest expense

(9)



(6)



(15)



(13)


Foreign currency exchange gains (losses), net

(2)



16



(104)



18


Other, net

2



2





3


Total other income (expense), net

28



57



(41)



101


Income before provision for income taxes

495



676



1,005



1,259


Provision for income taxes

(134)



(167)



(276)



(309)


Income (loss) from equity method investment





(1)




Net income

$

361



$

509



$

728



$

950


Basic earnings per share

$

0.67



$

0.90



$

1.34



$

1.67


Diluted earnings per share

$

0.67



$

0.90



$

1.34



$

1.67


Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – Basic

541



564



543



569


Dilutive effect of shares issuable under stock-based compensation plans





1



1


Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – Diluted

541



564



544



570


 

COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION

(Unaudited)

(in millions, except par values)



June 30,

2020


December 31,

2019

Assets




Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

4,422



$

2,645


Short-term investments

160



779


Trade accounts receivable, net

3,208



3,256


Other current assets

741



931


Total current assets

8,531



7,611


Property and equipment, net

1,345



1,309


Operating lease assets, net

1,002



926


Goodwill

4,391



3,979


Intangible assets, net

1,026



1,041


Deferred income tax assets, net

669



585


Long-term investments

429



17


Other noncurrent assets

823



736


Total assets

$

18,216



$

16,204


Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity




Current liabilities:




Accounts payable

$

359



$

239


Deferred revenue

319



313


Short-term debt

38



38


Operating lease liabilities

206



202


Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

2,290



2,191


Total current liabilities

3,212



2,983


Deferred revenue, noncurrent

46



23


Operating lease liabilities, noncurrent

802



745


Deferred income tax liabilities, net

28



35


Long-term debt

2,421



700


Long-term income taxes payable

428



478


Other noncurrent liabilities

307



218


Total liabilities

7,244



5,182


Stockholders’ equity:




Preferred stock, $0.10 par value, 15.0 shares authorized, none issued




Class A common stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000 shares authorized, 542 and 548 shares issued 

     and outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

5



5


Additional paid-in capital

83



33


Retained earnings

11,072



11,022


Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

(188)



(38)


Total stockholders’ equity

10,972



11,022


Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

18,216



$

16,204


 

COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORPORATION

Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

(Unaudited)

(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)



Three Months Ended

June 30,


Six Months Ended

June 30,


Guidance


2020


2019


2020


2019


Full Year 2020

GAAP income from operations

$

467



$

619



$

1,046



$

1,158




Realignment charges(a)

12



49



32



51




2020 Fit for Growth Plan restructuring charges(b)

59





94






COVID-19 charges(c)

25





31






Incremental accrual related to the India Defined 

     Contribution Obligation(d)







117




Adjusted Income From Operations

$

563



$

668



$

1,203



$

1,326














GAAP operating margin

11.7

%


14.9

%


12.7

%


14.0

%



Realignment charges

0.3



1.2



0.4



0.7



0.2%

2020 Fit for Growth Plan restructuring charges

1.5





1.1





0.7% – 0.9%

COVID-19 charges

0.6





0.4





0.2% – 0.3%

Incremental accrual related to the India Defined

      Contribution Obligation







1.4



(d)

Adjusted Operating Margin

14.1

%


16.1

%


14.6

%


16.1

%


approximately 15.0%











GAAP diluted earnings per share

$

0.67



$

0.90



$

1.34



$

1.67




Effect of above adjustments, pre-tax

0.18



0.09



0.29



0.29



(a), (b), (c), (d)

Non-operating foreign currency exchange 

     (gains) losses, pre-tax(e)



(0.03)



0.19



(0.03)



(e)

Tax effect of above adjustments (f)

(0.03)



(0.02)



(0.04)



(0.08)



(a), (b), (c), (d), (e)

Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share

$

0.82



$

0.94



$

1.78



$

1.85



$3.48 – $3.58



Notes:


(a) 

Realignment charges include:






Three Months Ended

June 30,


Six Months Ended

June 30,


2020


2019


2020


2019


(in millions)

Executive transition costs

$



$

20



$



$

22


Employee separation costs



27





27


Employee retention costs

9





15




Professional fees

3



2



17



2


Total realignment charges

$

12



$

49



$

32



$

51


 

Executive transition costs are costs associated with our CEO transition and the departure of our President in 2019. The total costs related to the realignment program are reported in “Restructuring charges” in our unaudited consolidated statements of operations. We do not expect to incur significant realignment charges during the remainder of 2020. Our guidance anticipates pre-tax charges in the range of $0.06 to $0.07 per diluted share for the full year 2020. The tax effect of these charges is expected to be approximately $0.02 per diluted share for the full year 2020.

(b)  2020 Fit for Growth Plan restructuring charges include:  



Three Months Ended

June 30, 2020


Six Months Ended

June 30, 2020


(in millions)

Employee separation costs

$

39



$

65


Employee retention costs

1



5


Facility exit costs and other charges

19



24


Total 2020 Fit For Growth charges

$

59



$

94





These charges include $8 million and $19 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, of costs

incurred related to our exit from certain content-related services. The total costs related to the restructuring are reported in

“Restructuring charges” in our unaudited consolidated statements of operations. Our guidance anticipates pre-tax charges

in the range of $0.22 to $0.28 per diluted share for the full year 2020. The tax effect of these charges is expected to be in

the range of $0.06 to $0.07 per diluted share for the full year 2020.



(c) 

 During the three and six  months ended June 30, 2020, we incurred costs in response to the COVID-19 pandemic including

a one-time bonus to our employees at the designation of associate and below in both India and the Philippines, costs to enable

our employees to work remotely and provide medical staff and extra cleaning services for our facilities, partially offset by benefits

provided to us by certain jurisdictions in which we operate. Most of the costs related to the pandemic are reported in “Cost of

revenues” in our unaudited consolidated statements of operations. Our guidance anticipates pre-tax charges in the range of $0.07

to $0.09 per diluted share for the full year 2020. The tax effect of these charges is expected to be approximately $0.02 per diluted

share for the full year 2020.



(d)  

During the first quarter of 2019, a ruling of the Supreme Court of India interpreting certain statutory defined contribution obligations

of employees and employers (the “India Defined Contribution Obligation”) altered historical understandings of such obligations, extending

them to cover additional portions of the employee’s income. As a result, the ongoing contributions of our affected employees and the

Company have increased. In the first quarter of 2019, we accrued $117 million with respect to prior periods, assuming retroactive application

of the Supreme Court’s ruling. There is significant uncertainty as to how the liability should be calculated as it is impacted by multiple variables,

including the period of assessment, the application with respect to certain current and former employees and whether interest and penalties

may be assessed. Since the ruling, a variety of trade associations and industry groups have advocated to the Indian government, highlighting

the harm to the information technology sector, other industries and job growth in India that would result from a retroactive application of the ruling. 

It is possible that the Indian government will review the matter and there is a substantial question as to whether the Indian government will apply

the Supreme Court’s ruling on a retroactive basis. As such, the ultimate amount of our obligation may be materially different from the amount accrued.

The incremental accrual related to the India Defined Contribution Obligation is reported in “Selling, general and administrative expenses” in our

unaudited consolidated statement of operations.



(e) 

 Non-operating foreign currency exchange gains and losses, inclusive of gains and losses on related foreign exchange forward contracts not

designated as hedging instruments for accounting purposes, are reported in “Foreign currency exchange gains (losses), net” in our unaudited

consolidated statements of operations. Non-operating foreign currency exchange gains and losses are subject to high variability and low visibility

and therefore cannot be provided on a forward-looking basis without unreasonable efforts.



(f)  

Presented below are the tax impacts of each of our non-GAAP adjustments to pre-tax income: 

 


Three Months Ended

June 30


Six Months Ended

June 30


2020


2019


2020


2019


(in millions)


(in millions)

Non-GAAP income tax benefit (expense) related to:








Realignment charges

$

3



$

13



$

8



$

13


2020 Fit For Growth plan restructuring charges

16





25




COVID-19 charges

6





8




Incremental accrual related to the India Defined Contribution Obligation







31


Foreign currency exchange gains and losses

(8)





(18)



1


 

The effective tax rate related to each of our non-GAAP adjustments varies depending on the jurisdictions in which such income and expenses are generated and the statutory rates applicable in those jurisdictions. 

Reconciliations of net cash

(in millions)




June 30, 2020


December 31, 2019

Cash and cash equivalents


$

4,422



$

2,645


Short-term investments(a)


160



779


Less:





Short-term debt


38



38


Long-term debt


2,421



700


Net cash


$

2,123



$

2,686



Notes:


(a)

As of December 31, 2019, $414 million in restricted time deposits were classified as short-term investments. As of June 30,

2020, the restricted deposits in the amount of $391 million were reclassified to long-term investments and therefore are not

included in net cash as of that date.

The above tables serve to reconcile the Non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures. Please refer to the “About Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of our press release for further information on the use of these Non-GAAP measures.

COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORPORATION

Schedule of Supplemental Information

(Unaudited)

(dollars in millions)



Three Months Ended June 30, 2020






Year over Year


$


 % of total


 % Change


Constant

Currency %

Change (a)

Revenues by Segment:








Financial Services

$

1,396



34.9

%


(5.2)

%


(4.3)

%

Healthcare

1,157



28.9

%


2.0

%


2.2

%

Products and Resources

867



21.7

%


(6.5)

%


(5.0)

%

Communications, Media and Technology

580



14.5

%


(4.4)

%


(3.2)

%

Total Revenues

$

4,000





(3.4)

%


(2.5)

%









Revenues by Geography:








North America

$

3,006



75.2

%


(4.2)

%


(4.1)

%

United Kingdom

314



7.9

%


(2.5)

%


0.2

%

Continental Europe

419



10.5

%


(1.9)

%


0.2

%

Europe – Total

733



18.3

%


(2.1)

%


0.2

%

Rest of World

261



6.5

%


3.2

%


9.7

%

Total Revenues

$

4,000





(3.4)

%


(2.5)

%


















Six Months Ended June 30, 2020






Year over Year


$


 % of total


 % Change


Constant

Currency %

Change (a)

Revenues by Segment:








Financial Services

$

2,847



34.6

%


(2.1)

%


(1.3)

%

Healthcare

2,351



28.6

%


2.3

%


2.4

%

Products and Resources

1,821



22.1

%


(1.1)

%


0.1

%

Communications, Media and Technology

1,206



14.7

%


0.3

%


1.5

%

Total Revenues

$

8,225





(0.3)

%


0.5

%









Revenues by Geography:








North America

$

6,196



75.3

%


(1.1)

%


(1.0)

%

United Kingdom

651



7.9

%


%


2.2

%

Continental Europe

856



10.4

%


2.9

%


5.2

%

Europe – Total

1,507



18.3

%


1.6

%


3.9

%

Rest of World

522



6.4

%


3.2

%


8.6

%

Total Revenues

$

8,225





(0.3)

%


0.5

%

 

Employee Metrics:


June 30, 2020


June 30, 2019

Number of employees


281,200



288,200










Notes:


(a) 

Constant currency revenue growth is not a measurement of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. See

“About Non-GAAP Financial Measures” for more information.

 

COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(in millions)



Three Months Ended

June 30,


Six Months Ended

June 30,


2020


2019


2020


2019

Cash flows from operating activities:








Net income

$

361



$

509



$

728



$

950


Adjustments for non-cash income and expenses

171



30



487



180


Changes in assets and liabilities

447



36



261



(286)


Net cash provided by operating activities

979



575



1,476



844


Cash flows from investing activities:








Purchases of property and equipment

(93)



(96)



(205)



(202)


Net sales of investments

237



1,398



163



2,057


Payments for business combinations, net of cash acquired

(403)



(35)



(489)



(232)


Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

(259)



1,267



(531)



1,623


Cash flows from financing activities:








Repurchases of common stock

(74)



(1,054)



(585)



(1,825)


Repayment of term loan borrowings and finance lease and earnout obligations

(12)



(7)



(25)



(9)


Borrowings under the revolving credit facility





1,740




Dividends paid

(121)



(116)



(242)



(232)


Issuance of common stock under stock-based compensation plans

36



40



76



90


Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

(171)



(1,137)



964



(1,976)


Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

(13)



5



(132)



8


Increase in cash and cash equivalents

536



710



1,777



499


Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

3,886



950



2,645



1,161


Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

$

4,422



$

1,660



$

4,422



$

1,660


 

SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION

(in millions)




Three Months Ended

Stock Repurchases under Board of Directors’ authorized stock repurchase program:


June 30, 2020


June 30, 2019

Number of shares repurchased


0.9



18.7







Remaining authorized balance


$

1,818












 

Reconciliation of Free Cash Flow Non-GAAP Financial Measure

(in millions)



Three Months Ended

June 30,


Six Months Ended

June 30,


2020


2019


2020


2019

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

979



$

575



$

1,476



$

844


Purchases of property and equipment

(93)



(96)



(205)



(202)


Free cash flow

$

886



$

479



$

1,271



$

642


 

 

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SOURCE Cognizant